Doctor of Dental Surgery

Overview

This is a five-year undergraduate program leading to the degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS). The study program and curriculum is at par with that of renowned international universities and dental institutes.

Program Objectives

The DDS program aims to:

  • educate and train a new generation of competent dental surgeons, who will be able to provide high quality comprehensive oral healthcare with the emphasis on prevention
  • emphasize on the prevention and early detection of oral and dental diseases as an integral part of the curriculum provide educational experiences for students using a comprehensive patient care model
  • provide community dentistry services that meet world-class standards
  • establish national recognition in term of academia by the concerned authorities and the public

Program Outcomes

The COD has specified learning outcomes based on the three dimensions of the work of a dentist. The definition of the three essential elements of a competent and reflective practitioner are:

a) What the dentist is able to do - technical intelligence
b) How a dentist approaches his/her practice - intellectual, emotional, analytical and creative intelligence
c) The dentist as a professional - personal intelligence
Eleven domains related to the three essential elements have been identified. These are:

A. “What the dentist is able to do”:

  • Clinical information-gathering - taking a full patient history, undertaking a comprehensive patient examination and arranging and interpreting appropriate investigations
  • Treatment planning - planning a suitable course of treatment in line with the patient’s needs and wishes, and recognizing when referral is appropriate
  • Treatment procedures -carrying out specific treatment interventions required to restore/maintain the patient’s oral health

These tasks represent the practical aspects of patient care, but the dentist brings much more than practical skills to the patient encounter.

B. “How a dentist approaches his/her practice” - or what a dentist brings to the treatment of each patient:

  • Application of basic clinical sciences - using knowledge of the basic medical and clinical sciences to ensure appropriate diagnosis and treatment.
  • Clinical reasoning and judgment - using knowledge, evidence and professional judgment to arrive at solutions appropriate to the patient’s needs and wishes.
  • Communication - demonstrating appropriate communication skills with patients, relatives, and other healthcare professionals.
  • Health promotion - recognizing the importance of disease prevention and health promotion and conveying this as appropriate to individual patients and the wider community.
  • Attitudes, ethical stance, and legal responsibilities - recognizing ethical, professional and legal responsibilities and displaying appropriate attitudes and behavior.
  • Information handling - demonstrating accurate record keeping and knowing where and how to source and analyze information relevant to effective clinical practice.

C. “The dentist as a professional”:

  • The role of the dentist within the health service - understanding the different dimensions of the dental profession and accepting the responsibilities of being part of that profession.
  • Personal development - accepting responsibility for personal, career and continuing professional development.

Career Opportunities

Graduates of the College will have a wide range of career opportunities to choose from, in addition to continuing higher education (Masters and Ph.D. degrees) in one of the following specialties:

  • Endodontics
  • Periodontics
  • Prosthodontics
  • Operative Dentistry
  • Pediatric Dentistry
  • Orthodontics
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
  • Oral Radiology and Oral Medicine
  • Dental Public Health
  • Implantology
  • Aesthetic Dentistry
  • Oral Pathology

Graduates may wish to take advanced courses in Oral Surgery, Implantology and other clinical specialties, or they may choose to work in research facilities.

Those who prefer to practice in UAE will be able to do so provided that they pass the UAE Licensing Exams. Graduates are subject to the regulations of the UAE licensing authorities with regard to the type of examination and certification criteria.

Graduation Requirements

Students will be awarded the Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS) degree upon fulfillment of the following requirements:

1. Completing successfully the required credit hours (199 Credit Hours), including the University requirement courses, with an accumulative grade point average (CGPA) not less than C, otherwise, students should take, during the following semester(s), clinical subjects as suggested by the academic advisor to fulfill this graduation requirement.

2. Completing successfully the required clinical cases during the clinical phase in addition to the mandatory two months internal clinical training during summer.

3. Submitting & defending a research project before an academic committee of the College.

Admission Requirements


Admission is based on the following requirements:
1. A UAE  secondary school certificate, science section,o r its equivalent, with a grade of not less than B (80 percent). Priority is given to students with higher grades in the following subjects:

  • Biology
  • Physics
  • Chemistry

2. English proficiency test(TOEFL score of 500 or above, or the equivalent)
3. Personal interview
4. Health Fitness Certificate.

For more details please visit Undergraduate Admissions

Course Description

120 101 Physics (Dentistry) (3-0-0-3)

The course covers the basic principles of the generation, energy, conduction and measurement of electrical and mechanical forces. Pre-requisites: None

700 126 General Chemistry (Dentistry) (2-2-0-3)

This course provides dental students with basic knowledge in organic and inorganic general chemistry. Laboratory sessions serve as an introduction to the principles of qualitative analysis including ionic equilibrium, ionic separation and the identification of selected simple and complexions. Pre-requisites: None

700 236 Biochemistry (Dentistry) (3-2-0-4)

The course covers the study of the constituents of living cells and their chemical reactions. Emphasis is placed upon intermediary metabolism and biologically important reactions of proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids. The general chemistry of enzymes, blood constituents and hormones is also covered. Pre-requisite: 700 126

700 239 Pharmacology I (Dentistry) (2-0-0-2)

This course describes the principles of the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of biological actions, mechanism, uses, side effects, toxicity, interactions and adverse reaction of drugs acting on the autonomic nervous system, cardiovascular system, central nervous system, gastro-intestinal system, endocrine system, renal system, autocoids, antibiotics and other anti-infective agents and anticancer drugs, with an emphasis on dental applications. Pre-requisite: 801 121

700 240 Pharmacology II (Dentistry) (2-0-0-2)

Continuation of Pharmacology I (Dentistry). Pre-requisite: 700 239

801 110 English for Special Purposes (Dentistry) (3-0-0-3)

This course is taught at the intermediate level in the student’s major. The course provides practice in language skills while emphasizing the structures, vocabulary, and registers appropriate to the student’s field. There is also a review, continuing from English I, of structures in a general setting. Pre-requisites: None

801 111 Integrated Biological Sciences I (2-2-0-3)

This course provides dental students with basic principles of anatomy and an introduction to embryology - a foundation that is necessary for their further dental education and clinical practice. The course is intended primarily to help students understand the fundamentals of the structure of the human body and its development. The systemic arrangement of topics helps the student to better understand the subject and to correlate the structure and function of organs. Pre-requisites: None

801 112 Histology and Cell Biology (2-2-0-3)

This course describes the structural organization of cells, tissues and organ systems at the microscopic level, and includes the general principles of cell biology. Students are provided with a basic knowledge of general embryology and genetics. Pre-requisites: None

801 121 Integrated Biological Sciences II (3-2-0-4)

Continuation of Integrated Biological Sciences I. The course is intended to help dental students understand the basic concepts of anatomy and physiology simultaneously with an emphasis on topics related to dental practice. The course covers the study of the main systems of the body with strong emphasis on practical aspects. Pre-requisite: 801 111

801 122 Oral Histology (3-2-0-4)

The course consists of a study of the development and structure of the oral cavity and teeth. The microscopic organization of all oral organs and tissues are studied in detail. Pre-requisite: 801 112

801 123 Head and Neck Anatomy I (2-2-0-3)

The students study the normal structure and function of the oral cavity, head, neck, and nervous system, with areas of clinical importance. Pre-requisite: 801 111

801 210 Psychology and Behavioral Sciences (3-0-0-3)

This course introduces the science of mind and behavior, clinical psychology and the psychological relations between the dentist and the patient. Pre-requisites: None

801 213 Head and Neck Anatomy II (2-2-0-3)

This course deals with structures in the region of the neck as well as the neuroanatomy of the head and neck as related to dentistry. Laboratory sessions help students deepen their knowledge in areas related to dentistry through dissections. Pre-requisite: 801 123

801 214 Microbiology and Immunology (3-2-0-4)

The course covers:

• The fundamentals of microbiology with emphasis on oral microbiota, pathogens and defense mechanisms in the dental environment.

• The basics of immunology including the immune system and organisms of medical and dental significance.

• Virology: virus structure and classification, viral pathogenesis and mechanisms of host defense.

• Hygiene, covering pathogenesis of bacterial, infections, etiology, clinical picture, lab diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of diseases caused by different bacteria.

Prerequisites: None

801 215 Pathology (3-1-0-3)

The course covers the fundamentals of the basic disease processes of the body. Gross, microscopic and biochemical features of pathologic conditions of the organ systems are studied in detail in order to establish a sound foundation for clinical practice. Pre-requisite: 801 112

801 226 General Medicine and Infectious Diseases (4-1-0-4)

This comprehensive course covers topics specific to the medical field, with interest to medically - compromised patient as related to dental care. It also deals with diseases caused by microorganisms and related to dentistry. It introduces students to the means of transmission, features, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of infectious diseases. Pre-requisites: 801 214, 801 215

801 227 General Surgery and ENT (2-1-0-2)

This course introduces students to the basic principles of surgery, with emphasis on essentials of history and physical evaluation related to the maxillofacial area. This course also includes knowledge on the diseases of the ENT as related to the oral cavity with emphasis on sensitive areas (ophthalmic nerve, sinus, etc.) Pre-requisites: 801 123, 801 215

802 213 Biomaterials (2-1-0-2)

The course allows students to understand the mechanical and physical properties of dental materials and their clinical applications. Biomechanical principles and latest advances in dental materials technology are integrated into appropriate dental specialties. Pre-requisite: 120 101

802 221 Introduction to Oral and Dental Diseases (2-2-0-3)

This is an introduction to the profession of dentistry with a summary of dental history to familiarize students with the background to enable them to understand new issues and events through the ages. In addition, this course provides students with knowledge and understanding of oral and dental diseases, their etiology, pathogenesis and the different stages of these lesions and their clinical manifestations. Pre-requisite: 801 215

802 222 Dental Anatomy and Occlusion (3-2-0-4)

This course deals with nomenclature and morphology of the natural dentition and includes laboratory exercises in the wax carving of anatomically accurate teeth. Analysis of occlusal patterns and correction of occlusal disharmonies are integrated with courses in operative dentistry, prosthodontics, periodontics and orthodontics. This course, based on biological and behavioral sciences, will give students a multi-disciplinary approach. Pre-requisite: 801 123

802 228 Four-Handed Dentistry and Infection Control(2-0-0-2)

Topics include the review of medical history, transmission and pathogenesis, and oral and systemic manifestations. Students learn the mechanisms by which infectious diseases are transmitted and the risk for transmission in dental practice, such as HIV, viral hepatitis, and others.

Through lectures, demonstrations and clinical practice, students are trained to effectively utilize dental auxiliaries to improve the quality of service while preventing undue stress and fatigue. Pre-requisite: 801 214

802 315 Pre-Clinical Operative Dentistry I (2-3-0-3)

This course introduces concepts of the carious process, diagnosis, and treatment of the dental disease. The course also covers cavity design, preparation, and insertion of various restorative materials. Pre-clinical laboratory sessions and clinical demonstrations help students to develop their skills. Pre-requisites: 802 213, 802 222

802 316 Pre-Clinical Prosthodontics I (2-6-0-4)

Students are introduced to basic principles in treating the partially or totally edentulous patient with removable dentures with focus on understanding the physical biomechanical characteristics of the denture components. The course also teaches the basic principles and techniques related to tooth preparation, impression techniques, and crown-bridge confection. Laboratory sessions and demonstrations allow the students to gain more confidence. Pre-requisites: 802 213, 802 222

802 317 Pre-Clinical Endodontics I (1-3-0-2)

The course provides a clear understanding of the biological foundation of the pulp and periapical disease, the etiology and progression of the endodontic pathology and the diagnosis and root canal treatment with emphasis on radiographic interpretation of the pulp and periapical disease. Laboratory sessions help students to gain practical skills in endodontic procedures. Pre-requisites: 802 213, 802 222

802 325 Pre-Clinical Operative Dentistry II (2-3-0-3)

Lecture series focus on differential diagnosis and management of caries with emphasis on more complete and advanced techniques. Pre-requisite: 802 315

802 326 Pre-Clinical Prosthodontics II (2-3-0-3)

Students learn various methods and techniques for fixed and removable prosthodontics. Pre-requisites: 802315, 802316

802 327 Pre-Clinical Endodontics II (1-3-0-2)

The course deals with pathology, diagnosis, and treatment of the dental pulp and periapical tissues. Students perform advanced root canal treatment during the laboratory sessions. Pre-requisite: 802 317

802 415 Clinical Operative Dentistry I (1-4-0-2)

Students apply their newly acquired skills in diagnosing and treating patients under the supervision of qualified staff members. Pre-requisites: All Pre-Clinical Courses

802 416 Clinical Prosthodontics I (1-4-0-2)

The course provides the students with concepts of clinical fixed and removable prosthodontics. Students treat a number of clinical cases of partial and full dentures and concentrate on tooth preparation procedures and laboratory techniques. Pre-requisites: All Pre-Clinical Courses

802 417 Clinical Endodontics I (1-4-0-2)

The course covers in depth the pathology of the pulpal tissues and their clinical manifestations. Topics include pulpal and periapical emergencies, and differential diagnosis of the pulpal pathology. Students perform non-surgical endodontic therapy and learn to relieve pain in emergencies. Pre-requisites: All Pre-Clinical Courses

802 425 Clinical Operative Dentistry II (1-4-0-2)

This advanced operative dentistry course focuses on a full range of challenging cases as related to other disciplines. Students develop their clinical skills, using latest techniques in cosmetic dentistry. A lecturer is provided to fourth-year students to emphasize more complex and sophisticated techniques. Pre-requisite: 802 415

802 426 Clinical Prosthodontics II (1-4-0-2)

Lecture course on advanced procedures in fixed and removable prosthodontics, with emphasis on occlusal registration, and integration of periodontal – endodontic considerations. Students perform complex clinical cases and accomplish all assigned laboratory procedures associated with the treatment of the above clinical cases. Pre-requisite: 802 416

802 427 Clinical Endodontics II (1-4-0-2)

This lecture course deals with advanced endodontic concepts, including peripheral surgery and endodontic-periodontic relationship. Students perform non-surgical root canal treatment on single and multi-rooted teeth, and learn how to assess the success and failure in endodontic treatments. Pre-requisite: 802 417

802 510 Ethics (1-0-0-1)

Introduction to the ethical responsibilities and principles of general biomedical ethics. Discussion of professional malpractice, legal and ethical responsibilities in fulfilling the doctors’ obligations to the patients, the profession, and the community. Pre-requisites: None

802 511 Geriatric Dentistry (1-0-0-1)

This course provides a framework for assessing the ageing process with the evaluation of the psychological aspects and pathological changes. Comprehensive geriatric patient care will be discussed. Pre-requisites: All Clinical Courses

 

802 519 Clinical Dentistry I (0-24-0-6)

Students are assigned patients with a comprehensive approach to the dental practice, including patient and clinic management, stressing inter - and multidisciplinary treatment of more challenging cases. Emphasis is on comprehensive treatment planning, diagnosis and management of the medically compromised patient Pre-requisites: All Clinical Courses

802 529 Clinical Dentistry II (0-28-0-7)

Continuation of Clinical Dentistry I. Pre-requisite: 802 519

803 311 Preventive Dentistry and Nutrition (3-2-0-4)

The preventive dentistry course introduces the student to the philosophy and methods of prevention, including information on etiology on dental caries, periodontal disease and methods of preventing and controlling dental diseases through a preventive treatment plan and health education programs. This course provides the students with a basic knowledge of the essential nutrient materials in both health and disease, and discusses the role of the nutrition on the development, prevention and treatment of the oral and dental diseases. Pre-requisites: 801 226, 802 221

803 312 Pre-Clinical Pediatric Dentistry I (2-0-0-2)

The course focuses on development and growth of the orofacial structures of the child and adolescent and the diagnosis and treatment planning. Principles of child psychology and changing concepts in caries formation are introduced. Pre-requisite: 802 221

803 322 Pre-Clinical Pediatric Dentistry II (1-3-0-2)

The course introduces the principles of dentistry specific to the child and pays special attention to emotional development. Procedures and specific techniques are developed to manage dental conditions. Pre-requisite: 803 312

803 323 Pre-Clinical Orthodontics (1-3-0-2)

This course is an introduction to orthodontics, its terminology and scope. Topics include physiology of stomatognathic system, description of various malocclusions and systematic study of etiology of orthodontic problems. Pre-requisites: 801 122, 802 222

803 412 Clinical Pediatric Dentistry I (1-4-0-2)

Students develop their skills in clinical treatment of a wide variety of childhood conditions, with emphasis on tooth preparation and fabrication of the stainless steel crown. Pre-requisites: All Pre-Clinical Courses

803 413 Clinical Orthodontics I (1-4-0-2)

This course deals with the treatment of minor orthodontic procedures. Students learn to achieve removable orthodontic appliances for correction of minor malocclusions. Pre-requisites: All Pre-Clinical Courses

803 422 Clinical Pediatric Dentistry II (1-4-0-2)

Students learn clinical procedures and specific techniques to manage the dental condition of the child patient, and perform clinical treatment for pediatric patients. Pre-requisite: 803 412

803 423 Clinical Orthodontics II (1-4-0-2)

This course introduces the systematic methods of recognizing, classifying and treatment planning of various types of malocclusions, with emphasis on analysis of the cephalometric X-ray in diagnosing clinical cases. Pre-requisite: 803 413

803 510 Applied Biostatistics (2-0-0-2)

This course provides dental students with the necessary background of specific statistics relevant to the medical/dental fields. Pre-requisite: 103 110

804 221 Oral Radiology I (2-2-0-3)

The course deals with the basic principles of x-ray production, the biological effects of ionizing radiation and radiation safety. It places emphasis on intra-oral and extra-oral radiographic techniques. Students learn to take and interpret oral radiographs, and perform initial screening examination and diagnosis. The course is integrated with the different dental specialties. Pre-requisites: 120 101, 801 123

804 312 Pre-Clinical Periodontics I (1-1-0-1)

The course provides the students with a basic understanding of the normal periodontium, early pathologic changes, their etiologic factors, and basic therapeutics and preventive procedures. Students learn to probe and examine gingival tissues, and develop proficiency in the use of instruments for calculus and root planning in-patient-simulating units. Pre-requisite: 801 122

804 313 Pre-Clinical Oral Surgery I and Pain Control (2-2-0-3)

The course introduces the basic principles of surgery, which include the essentials of medical history and physical evaluation. Topics include fundamentals of asepsis, inflammation and repair, exodontia, and head and neck pathology. Students learn to master techniques of tooth removal and minor surgery procedures in the laboratory. It provides the understanding of pain and its management, and the academic aspects of administration of local anesthetics, nitrous oxide and intravenous sedation. Laboratory training help students to gain more practice and improve their skills. Pre-requisites: 700 240, 801210 , 801 214, 801 227

804 314 Oral Pathology I (2-2-0-3)

Students learn the fundamentals of basic disease process affecting the head and neck regions, and how to identify histopathological lesions. Pre-requisites: 801 215, 802 221

804 322 Pre-Clinical Periodontics II (1-3-0-2)

Lectures focus on the periodontal lesions, their etiologic factors, treatment planning and the management of the periodontal diseases. Pre-requisite: 804 312

804 323 Pre-Clinical Oral Surgery II and CPR (3-2-0-3)

Students learn the principles of tissue repair, pre-surgical health status evaluation, principles of surgical asepsis, uncomplicated and complicated exodontia. The course introduces the students to the basic life support. It focuses on the assessment and the early active management of the acute cardiac arrest. Students should be CPR certified before entering the clinical phase. Pre-requisites: 801 226, 804 313

804 324 Oral Pathology II (2-2-0-3)

This course provides a comprehensive clinical evaluation and management of oral mucosal diseases with emphasis on differential diagnosis and current therapeutic means. Pre-requisite: 804 314

804 410 Oral Diagnosis/Oral Medicine (2-4-0-3)

The course deals with training the students in developing a doctor-patient relationship and evaluating the patient, by taking a detailed case history and conducting extra- and intra-oral examination in the head and neck region. Based on discussion, students learn to arrive at a differential diagnosis, leading to the provisional diagnosis and framing the appropriate treatment plan. Pre-requisites: All Pre-Clinical Courses

804 411 Oral Radiology II (1-2-0-2)

The course deals with advanced techniques in dental radiology. Students learn how to assess clinical cases and make differential diagnosis. Pre-requisite: 804 221

804 412 Clinical Periodontics I (1-4-0-2)

Students initiate periodontal procedures on patients with gingivitis and early to moderate stages of periodontitis. Pre-requisites: All Pre-Clinical Courses

804 413 Clinical Oral Surgery I (1-4-0-2)

Students gain more experience in various minor surgical procedures and learn to manage emergency cases. The course introduces the student to assessment of surgery for impacted teeth, biopsies, suturing techniques and treatment of odontogenic infections. Pre-requisites: All Pre-Clinical Courses, 801210

804 422 Clinical Periodontics II (1-4-0-2)

This advanced clinical periodontics course focuses on objectives of periodontal therapy, treatment planning and treatment techniques, including preprosthetic surgery, reconstructive and plastic surgery. Pre-requisite: 804 412

804 423 Clinical Oral Surgery II (1-4-0-2)

This course covers advanced oral surgery subjects, including fractures, cysts, benign and malignant neoplasm, TMJ disorders, and its surgical/medical management. Students gain additional experience in various clinical procedures along with physical diagnosis. Pre-requisite: 804 413

804 515 Emergency Dental Care (1-4-0-2)

Students gain experience in diagnosing and managing patients with acute dental emergencies, including placement of temporary restorations and performing emergency treatments. Pre-requisites: All Clinical Courses

804 518 Implantology (1-1-0-1)

This comprehensive lecture course presents the scientific basis and clinical applications of modern dental implantology techniques, and covers both surgical procedures and periodontic and prosthodontic considerations in implant dentistry. Students perform implantology procedures in a laboratory setting. Pre-requisites: All Clinical Courses

804 526 Hospital Dentistry (0-8-0-2)

Clinical rotations allow students to gain more experience in procedures and protocol related to hospital dentistry, operating room dentistry, anesthesia for dentistry and systemic patient management. Pre-requisite: 804 515

804 527 Lasers and Modern Technology (1-1-0-1)

Lectures and demonstrations provide students with latest technology in dental practice, using lasers in oral surgery, periodontics and operative dentistry. Pre-requisites: 804 422, 804 423

805 435 Internal Clinical Training Fourth Year(0-20-0-2)

Students are assigned patients with a comprehensive approach to the dental practice, including patient and clinic management, stressing inter- and multidisciplinary treatment of more challenging cases. Emphasis is on comprehensive treatment planning, diagnosis and management of the medically compromised patient. Pre-requisites: All Clinical Courses

805 511 Treatment Planning and Seminars I (2-0-0-2)

Topics covered review assessment of advanced clinical diagnosis and sequential comprehensive treatment plan, with special emphasis on the rationale for decision making. Students develop analytic skills in assessing the various treatment plans for patients seen during the comprehensive patient management sessions. Pre-requisites: 804 324, 804 410

805 521 Treatment Planning and Seminars II (2-0-0-2)

Topics related to advanced and newer concepts in the field are presented in a multidisciplinary series of seminars. Issues such as ethics in dentistry, health care delivery and practice management are also discussed. Pre-requisite: 805 511

805 522 Research Project (1-0-0-1)

Under the guidance of a college advisor, students choose, explore and develop an interest in a relevant specific field of basic sciences or dental sciences. Students learn how to read and evaluate scientific literature, gather data and subject it to critical analysis. Students present and defend their project before an academic committee. Pre-requisite: 103 130

805 523 Practice Management (1-0-0-1)

Review of topics essentials for new graduates, planning to establish a dental practice. Issues include referral mechanisms, recall systems, financing, purchasing equipment and government regulations which affect dental practitioners. Pre-requisites: None

805 524 Equipment Maintenance (1-1-0-1)

This course introduces the students to the basic knowledge of a dental unit, parts and maintenance. Pre-requisites: None

805 535 Internal Clinical Training Fifth Year (0-20-0-2)

Similar to internal clinical training fourth year. Dental students are encouraged to take up complex multi-problems cases and work along a comprehensive treatment plan. Pre-requisites: All Clinical Courses

806 111 Integrated Biological Sciences I (2-2-0-3) 806 121 Integrated Biological Sciences II (2-2-0-3)

These courses provide students with basic principles of anatomy, and an introduction to embryology, a foundation that is necessary for their further dental education and clinical practice. The courses are intended primarily to help the students understand the fundamentals of human body structure and development. The systemic arrangement of the topics helps the student to better understand the subject, and to correlate structure and function of different organs. Pre-requisites: For 806 111 - none; for 806 121- 806 111

806 112 Histology and Cell Biology (2-1-0-2) 806122 Oral Histology (2-2-0-3)

These courses describe the structural organization of cells, tissues, and organ systems, at microscopic level, and include the general principles of cell biology. Students are provided with a basic knowledge of general histology, cell biology and oral histology. Pre-requisites: For 806 112 - none; for 806 122 – 806 112

806 113 Introduction to Biochemistry (Dental Hygiene) (2-0-0-2)

The course covers the study of the constituents of living cells and their chemical reactions. Emphasis is made on intermediary metabolism and biologically important reactions of proteins, carbohydrates and lipids. Also the general chemistry of enzymes, blood constituents and hormones are studied. Pre-requisites: None

806 114 Microbiology (1-2-0-2)

The course covers the fundamentals of microbiology with emphasis on oral microbiota, pathogens and defense mechanisms in the dental environment. Hygiene covering pathogenesis of bacterial, infections, etiology, clinical picture, lab diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of diseases caused by different bacteria. Pre-requisites: None

806 124 Infection and Hazard Control (2-0-0-2)

The course discusses the basic concepts of infectious diseases spread, emphasis on the actual practice of infection control procedures. Specific infection control procedures used, supplies and equipment needed for disease prevention and dental office safety are explained. Pre-requisite: 806 114

806 125 Dental Anatomy and Physiology (2-2-0-3)

This course deals with nomenclature and morphology of the natural dentition and includes laboratory exercises in the wax carving of anatomically accurate teeth. Analysis of occlusal patterns and correction of occlusal disharmonies are integrated with courses in operative dentistry, prosthodontics, periodontics and orthodontics. Pre-requisite: 806 111

806 126 Pre-Clinical Dental Hygiene (2-9-0-5)

This course deals with an introduction to dental hygiene care. Laboratory instruction examines the use of instruments, develops instrumentation techniques and introduces clinical experience. Pre-requisites: None

806 212 General Pathology and Clinical Dental Pharmacology (3-0-0-3)

The course describes the principles of the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of biological actions, mechanism, uses, side effects, toxicity, interactions and adverse reactions of drugs acting on the autonomic nervous system, cardiovascular system, central nervous system, gastro-intestinal system, endocrine system, renal ystem, autacoids, antibiotics and other anti-infective agents and anticancer drugs, with an emphasis on dental applications. Pre-requisites: 806 113, 806 114, 806 121

806 215 Dental Materials (2-2-0-3)

The course allows students to understand the mechanical and physical properties of dental materials and their clinical applications. Biomechanical principles and the latest advances in dental material technology are integrated into appropriate dental specialties. Pre-requisites: None

806 216 Clinical Dental Hygiene I (1-8-0-3)

Lectures and clinical practice in the area of preventive dentistry are offered. Students study the principles and procedures for prevention of oral disease including dietary control, oral hygiene measures and the use of fluorides and sealants. The principles and application of root planning are also emphasized. Pre-requisite: 806 126

806 217 Periodontics (2-0-0-2)

The course provides students with a basic understanding of the normal periodontium, early pathologic changes, their etiologic factors and basic therapeutics and preventive procedures. Students learn to probe and examine gingival tissues and develop proficiency in the use of instruments for calculus and root planning in-patientsimulating units. Pre-requisite: 806 122

806 218 Oral Radiology (2-4-0-4)

The course deals with the basic principles of x-ray production, the biological effects of ionizing radiation and radiation safety, with special emphasis on intra-oral and extra-oral radiographic techniques. Students learn to take and interpret oral radiographs and perform initial screening examination and diagnosis. The course is integrated with the different dental specialties. Pre-requisite: 806 121

806 222 Oral Pathology (2-0-0-2)

Students learn the fundamentals of basic disease process affecting the head and neck regions, and how to identify the histopathological lesions. Pre-requisites: 806 122, 806 212

806 223 Dental Office Emergencies (2-0-0-2)

Students gain experience in diagnosing and managing patients with acute dental emergencies, including placement of temporary restorations and performing emergency treatments under the supervision of college members. Pre-requisites: 806 212, 806 213

806 224 Prevention and Nutrition for Health Sciences (3-0-0-3)

This course provides students with a basic knowledge of the essential nutrient materials in both health and disease and discusses the role of the nutrition on the development, prevention and treatment of oral and dental diseases. Pre-requisites: 806 121, 806 212

806 226 Clinical Dental Hygiene II (2-12-0-5)

Advanced lectures and demonstrations in the clinical practice of dental hygiene with clinic time devoted to experience in rendering preventive care are provided. Lectures emphasize patients with special needs. Pre-requisite: 806 216

806 229 Fundamentals of Speech and Communication (2-0-0-2)

The course covers communication theory, interviewing, proficiency in speaking and listening, and the development of informative and persuasive presentations. Theory, preparation, appropriate form and delivery techniques are studied and evaluated. Pre-requisites: None

806 314 Dental Public Health and Ethics (2-2-0-3)

This preventive dentistry course introduces the student to the philosophy and methods of prevention, providing information on etiology of dental caries, periodontal disease and methods of preventing and controlling dental disease through a preventive treatment plan and health education programs. There is also an introduction to the ethical responsibilities and principles of general biomedical ethics, as well as a discussion of professional malpractice, and the legal and ethical responsibilities of fulfilling the doctors’ obligations to patients, the profession and the community. Pre-requisites: 806 223, 806 224

806 316 Clinical Dental Hygiene III (0-12-0-3)

Demonstrations are provided in advanced clinical skills with enhancement in clinics and hospitals. Pre-requisite: 806 226

806 319 Practice Management (1-0-0-1)

Review of topics essentials for new graduates planning to establish a dental practice. Issues include referral mechanisms, recall systems, financing, purchasing equipment and government regulations which affect dental practitioners. Pre-requisites: None